Evidence-based program models
In these areas of prevention there are several evidence-based program models available for replication. Evidence-based home visiting models include:
- Nurse-Family Partnership consists of intensive and comprehensive home visitation by nurses during a woman’s pregnancy and the first two years after birth of the woman’s first child.
- Child FIRST provides service to families with children birth to age 6 in which the child has emotional, behavioral, or developmental concerns or the family faces multiple barriers through the work of a clinician and a care coordinator.
- Healthy Families America (HFA) is designed to help families manage life’s challenges by building on their strengths, rather than focusing on correcting weaknesses. The program model offers weekly home visits, beginning prenatally or within the first three months and continuing through to five years of life. Also, HFA offers screenings and assessments and may include parent support groups, father involvement programs, and job training.
- SafeCare aims to prevent and address factors associated with child abuse and neglect among the clients served. Eligible clients include families with a history of child maltreatment or families at risk for child maltreatment. SafeCare typically provides 18 to 20 weeks of training to parents with children from birth to age 5. During one- to two-hour weekly or biweekly home visits, trained home visitors conduct baseline and follow-up assessments, observations, and trainings with parents.
Evidence-based primary and secondary models
- The Incredible Years is a series curriculum designed to promote emotional and social competence while preventing or reducing behavior and emotional problems in young children. The program addresses parents, teachers, and children in programs that can be used separately or in combination.
- Triple P-Positive Parenting Program aims to prevent severe behavioral, emotional and developmental problems in children by enhancing the knowledge, skills, and confidence of parents. It is a versatile model that allows the service provider to adjust the program on a continuum of increasing strength for parents of children and adolescents from birth to age 16.
- Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is for families with young children experiencing behavioral and emotional problems. Therapists coach parents during interactions with their child to teach new parenting skills. These skills are designed to strengthen the parent-child bond; decrease harsh and ineffective discipline control tactics; improve child social skills and cooperation; and reduce child negative or maladaptive behaviors.
For other evidence-based program models
- Home Visiting Evidence of Effectiveness
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Administration for Children and Families
- Parent-Child Interaction Therapy
The California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare
- Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence
University of Colorado Boulder